Dear Members,

I hope that this finds you having enjoyed a very healthy and happy holiday season.  As we move into the new year, the ASC is planning for another year of exciting programs and events as well as some changes.

The major event, of course is the annual meeting scheduled for April 22, 2006.  This is an even numbered year which means that elections for Society officers will be taking place at this annual meeting.  Please consider becoming more involved in your Society.  At least, come to participate by voting on the elections, but most importantly this will be an opportunity to make nominations from the floor and voice your concerns and desires.  If you would like to serve or even just become more involved please contact me via e-mail or phone.

Although we are not co-sponsoring it as we have in the past, The Friends of the Office of State Archaeology (FOSA) will be holding its annual meeting at the Smith Middle School in Glastonbury and members of the Society are invited to attend.  This year the speaker will be Dr. James Chatters who will be speaking on “The Discovery of Kennewick Man and its Aftermath.”  The lecture will start at 2:00 and admission will be $10.00 for non-FOSA members ($5.00 for students).  Further details appear elsewhere in this newsletter.  This should be another outstanding program and a nice winter interlude at a time when archaeological activity is at its slowest.

We are also looking ahead to October when we will again be paying tribute to archaeology in Connecticut with Archaeology Awareness Month.  As in the past two years, plans are afoot for the annual Archaeology Expo, which has been immensely successful in its first two events.  Further details on that will be given in the next newsletter.  Also in October, we are planning to meet at Connecticut College, for our fall meeting.  The date for that is still being worked out as is the theme, but the next newsletter will have more details as the board molds the program.

As always I look forward to hearing suggestions from the membership, either in person at our meeting or more immediately via e-mail or phone.  This Society’s purpose is to serve your archeological needs and interests and that can only be done effectively if you communicate with us and if you serve actively, which brings me back to the opening of this letter.  Please consider becoming a more active part of the Society.  We can always use help organizing membership drives and renewals.  Lee West can always use help gathering news and items of interest for the newsletter, and Dawn Brown can also use help in organizing programs.

I look forward to seeing you in April, if not sooner in Glastonbury.

Dan Cruson


ASC Director Harold Juli is repeating his call in this issue of ASC News as he did in the last for volunteers to start a Speakers Bureau, or clearinghouse for state archaeology.  We had a few individuals respond over the summer, but more are needed to create an effective group.

The idea is to have a list of people who would be willing to speak on various archaeological topics and then we would notify organizations, historical societies, etc., of our availability.  This may be a good way to promote archaeology in our state to many new audiences.  Many individuals already speak publicly but this would be an attempt to systematize it.  We have included with this newsletter a flyer with more particulars and a questionnaire that people who want to speak should complete and return to Harold.

If you have questions or comments, or you want to volunteer and don’t have a flyer, you can contact him directly:

Harold Juli
Connecticut College
Box 5492 270 Mohegan Ave.
New London., CT 06320
(860) 439-2228


Some readers may be understandably confused between the Russell Memorial Award and the Lyent Russell Fund, but they are very much distinct.  Lyent Russell was one of the original members of this Society from its founding in 1934, and also served as President.  In 1962, he established with an endowment the Russell Memorial Award, in memory of his parents Berne A. and Althea M. Russell.  The award was to be granted in recognition of “outstanding contributions to the Archaeological Society of Connecticut”.

The Lyent Russell Fund, on the other hand, was established after the death of Lyent Russell in 1998.  It is comprised of donations made to ASC in Lyent’s honor and subsequent contributions.  Income generated by this fund is intended to go directly to archaeological research in the State of Connecticut.  ASC continues to accept donations to this fund as noted elsewhere in this newsletter.

According to the records of the Society, the recipients of the Mr. and   Mrs.  Berne  A.  Russell
Memorial Award since its inception are as shown below.  We are missing records for 1990, and if any readers can identify the recipient that year, or have any corrections to make to this list, please contact the editor.

1962 Mr. Claude C. Coffin
1963 Dr. Irving B. Rouse
1964 Mrs. Eva Lutz Butler
1965 Mr. Frank Glynn
1966 Mr. George M. Johnson
1967 Mr. John H. Smith
1968 Mr. Donald N. Clark
1969 Mrs. Edmund Sinnott Jr.
1970 Dr. Gustavus Pope
1971 Mr. Edmund Sinnott, Jr.
1972 Mr. Andrew J. Kowalsky
1973 Mr. David Cooke
1974 Mr. Edmund K. Swigart
1975 Mr. Maurice Wilson
1976 Mr. David H. Thompson
1977 Mr. John Pawlowski
1978 Dr. Frederick Warner
1979 Dr. Roger W. Moeller
1980 Mrs. Cecelia Kirkorian
1981 Mrs. Denise Tratolatis
1982 Mr. William J. Krause
1983 Mr. Ernest Wiegand
1984 Mrs. Jane French
1985 Mrs. Renee Kra
1986 Dr. Kenneth Feder
1987 Dr. Douglas Jordan
1988 Dr. John Pfieffer
1989 Dr. Robert Funk (?)
1990 ?
1991 Dr. Lucianne Lavin
1992 Mr. Joseph Parkos
1993 Ms. Andrea Rand
1994 Ms. Marina Mozzi
1995 Ms. Laurie Bradt
1996 Arthur Basto Archaeological
         Society (no individual named)
1997 Mr. Donald Malcarne
1998 Dr. Lucianne Lavin
1999 Mrs. Shirley Paustian
2000 Mr. Lee West
2001 Dr. Irving Rouse
2002 Dr. Lucinda McWeeny


Due to the outpouring of donations to ASC in memory of the late Lyent Russell, the Board of Directors voted in September 1999 to establish a fund in honor of Lyent.  The fund now stands at almost $11,050.  When interest rates rise again, we hope to use the fund as an endowment, preserving the principle and earmarking the income for archaeological research in Connecticut, particularly test costs such as radiocarbon dating, for researchers who could otherwise not afford any testing.

If you would like to contribute to this fund, please send a check payable to ASC to Don Malcarne - Treasurer, 10 South Cove Lane, Essex, CT  06426.  Note on your check that this is for the Lyent Russell Fund.  Contributions are not considered part of your dues to ASC, and as such we believe they would be considered tax deductible to the extent allowed by law.  If your employer has a matching gift program, please enclose the forms as well.  We will keep you posted on the progress of the Fund in future issues of ASC News.


The new Connecticut Archaeology Center within the Museum of Natural History at UConn is still moving forward (though slower than we would like!).  We continue to have meetings with the facilities management office on campus and with consulting architects.  Plans are to renovate the Hillside Road building beginning this summer and to open the doors in the late fall/early winter of 2006.

We have had the support of some wonderful donors that are making the new Center an important place of public destination on campus to learn about the state’s archaeology.

We hope you have had an opportunity to see our new webpage for the Museum/Center.  The address is:    The Museum/Center web page has a lot of information on Connecticut and archaeology throughout the world.  Also, of interest is the “In the News” feature that will highlight newspaper, radio and television features concerning archaeology in the state and elsewhere.  The webpage is a work in progress, so let us know what you think and how we can make it even better!  And, on this note, we would like to include the ASC and its affiliated societies on our website, so please send text highlighting your society and any links you have for us to promote about CT archaeology.  In addition, if you and your society are in the newspaper, let us know so we can highlight your activities “In the News”.

Last year our office conducted over 300 reviews of economic development projects, and preformed 235 field reviews and meetings in Connecticut municipalities.

The Museum of Natural History and Archaeology Center will be sponsoring a number of workshops, lectures and activities on archaeology for the spring and summer season.  Please contact Sue at 860-486-4460 to get specific information, or a copy of our program booklet.

Nick Bellantoni
State Archaeologist



I want briefly to discuss a project I have begun, resulting from a recommendation that emerged from last year’s ASC Archaeology Preservation Conference.  At the conference, we discussed the need for archaeological organizations to make contact and ally themselves with land trusts and environmental organizations, whose preservation philosophies are similar to those of archaeologists.  While it seems obvious that archaeological and environmental organizations would be natural allies, such connections have not been well developed, at least in Connecticut.

For some years now I have conducted research in a nature preserve in Southeastern Connecticut, the Connecticut College Arboretum.  But this relationship came about because I am a faculty member at the College, rather than resulting from advocacy.  To begin to foster connections on a local level, recently, I made contact with the West Farms Land Trust in Waterford, CT.  This organization owns and administers several dozen parcels that it has acquired over the years through bequests and purchases.  One of its largest holdings is the George Avery Tract, encompassing about 75 acres along the west bank of the Thames River in the town of Waterford.

In 2004, I began an archaeological survey of the Avery Tract with students in an undergraduate archaeology course.  This survey will unfold over several seasons and is designed to inventory the preserve’s prehistoric and historic resources, develop a research and management plan and educate land trust members and the public about archaeological preservation and related issues.

In the future, I will continue to report on this project, but I wanted initially to describe the effort here as a way to alert ASC members to what I believe is a promising way to promote archaeological preserva-tion among a related and sympathetic constituency in Connecticut.

Harold Juli
Connecticut College

Albert Morgan Archaeological Society

This Year’s Dig

This year we continued our dig at the Solomon Goffe house in Meriden.  This was our third year at this site. It was a challenge just getting to the site since the state spent almost the whole period from April to September rebuilding the road in front of the house.  Every day was an adventure just seeing what roads were open and what the surface conditions of those roads would be.  In spite of all these problems we managed to dig almost every week at the site, though some weeks we could only get to the house one day.  Many days we couldn’t dig since the construction crews had their heavy earth moving equipment right opposite where we were digging and so it was just too dangerous to work.

We started to dig at the south side of the house where we ended last season but that area didn’t produce much in terms of artifacts. By mid summer the people running the Goffe House decided that they would be putting in gardens along the north side of the house and also along the front. This resulted in our stopping the dig in the south and moved first to the front of the house. This was the area closest to the original building from 1711. Unfortunately, this area had been greatly disturbed through the replacing of the foundation walls that occurred in the 1970's.  Most of the area was dug out probably with a back hoe at that time and lots of fill stones were poured in.  The soil in these areas was only 12-16 inches deep.  The soil did appear to be dirt stripped off during the original work so there were a few nails, ceramics and window glass but nothing significant.

Once the area in front of the oldest section of the house was dug, we switched to the northern area of the property. Things improved drastically in this area.  A number of iron objects were found including an axe blade and a wedge used to split logs.  Also, we found a number of ceramic sherds including red ware and a few yellow ware pieces.  We continued the dig down to the area in front of the house addition built in the early 1800's. The closer to the foundation in this area we dug the more fill we found. We did find several decorated ceramic pieces that matched the replica ceramics that are on display in the Goffe House.  The replicas are copies of actual period pieces.  When the state construction workers took down the fence surrounding the property when they needed to do additional work for the new sidewalk it exposed a small area near a large black walnut tree.  This area is only about 15 feet log and about 5 feet wide.  Due to the lateness of the year, it being mid October, only a small piece of this area was able to be dug.  This area produced more artifacts than the total that we found the whole season.  We found lots of red ware including one decorated sherd that matches in design one of the reproductions.  Probably the best piece recovered was found around Thanksgiving Day with the ground freezing.  A metal medallion with some sort of English crest was found and on the reverse side was a wonderful engraving of the name “Jackson” in an outstandingly beautiful script.  That piece alone made the whole dig season worth it. Further research needs to be done on this piece.  We also found our second colonial coin:  this one dates to 1787 but it is in very bad condition.

Dig opportunities at this site will be limited in 2006 since the city will be celebrating its bicentennial and there may be activities occurring on the property.  We will try to get some digging in early in the season if the weather is good.  If anyone is interested in digging this coming season let me know.  Also, if any one has a site that we can dig, preferably a prehistoric site for either this coming season or next then contact me at

Morgan Site Artifacts

I am currently re-examining the Morgan site ceramics.  I am especially reviewing the cross hatched cordmarked, fabric marked, smoothed-over crosshatched cord marked and the smoothed-over cord marked ceramics.  So far it looks like some new information on all of these pottery surface treatments is coming to light.  I also am spending more time reevaluating the 150+ new bags of artifacts collected during the AMAS dig at the site in the 1980's that were turned over to Nick Bellantoni just two years ago.  I analyzed the artifacts at that time but now I can spend more time examining them in detail.  A number of decorated ceramics as well as undecorated ceramics are among the artifacts in these bags.

Fred Gudrian

Archaeology Club of Norwalk  Community College

Club of
Community College

By Rob Wallace

This past summer volunteers from the Fairfield Historical Society, Daughters of the American Revolution (D.A.R.) and club members of the NCC Archaeology club excavated a historic structure in Fairfield known as the Powder House.  This structure was built in 1814 for the storage of munitions during the War of 1812 and is located behind the present day Tomlinson Middle School.  I researched its history six years ago as part of the Historical Archaeology class offered at Norwalk Community College and was excited when the Fairfield Historical Society asked me to do some excavating around the building before some restoration work was to be done this summer.

Left-Powder House as it appears today with slate roof and bricked doorway.  Right-wall meets bedrock.

While the events and politics that led  to the  declaration  of  war  with Great Britain in 1812 are too many to go into for this article, some of the reasons for going to war were the British interference with U.S. maritime commerce and the impressment (forcible drafting) of sailors of British decent, as well as American born citizens, to serve in the Royal Navy.  While most of the action during the early part of the war took place along the Canadian border, Long Island Sound did have British ships patrolling it.  On more than one occasion local militia were called out when a British ship anchored off the coast.

There was a special town meeting held in Fairfield on the 17th day of October in 1814 and it was voted to “erect and superintend the building of the powder house at the expense of this town with all apparatus necessary for the preservation of the munitions of war.”  The land on which this structure was built was deeded to the town by Levi Jenning on December 16, 1814.  The building itself was made from stone and the entrance was composed of brick with a wooden door.  Research is still ongoing to determine if the building was actually used to store munitions.  The news of the war’s end arrived in Fairfield in February of 1815.  After the war, Jennings sold his land to Gershom Osborn on April 6, 1816.  In the deed there was a stipulation that Osborn preserve “a convenient way for the inhabitants of the Town of Fairfield to go to the Powder House standing on the premises”.  The land stayed in the Osborn Family until the 20th century.  In the 1920s, Edward Osborn donated some more land next to the Powder House to the Town of Fairfield.

There have been several projects led by the D.A.R. to repair and maintain the property.  The earliest one recorded was in 1898 when the roof had to be repaired.  Between 1924 and 1925 major repair work was done to the structure and the current stone walls surrounding the site were built.  At some point a slate roof was added to the building.  Although the exact year for this is still being researched, the roof does show up in the 1937 Historic American Building Survey scale drawing of the Powder House.

The excavation was conducted during the months of May through July of this year.  It consisted of four 1x1 meter units.  Two were along the southwest side of the building and two were in front by the doorway and front step.  A majority of the artifacts recovered were glass bottle fragments (mostly beer) dating to the 20th century but other artifacts found are still being analyzed at the time that this article is being written.

This excavation offered us a view of the type of ground that the structure was built on.  All units came down on rock at approximately 23cm and we could see how parts of the wall were built on rock and other parts had chinking stones wedged in to make the foundation level. In order to know whether or not the floor is actually the bedrock of the hill it sits on, we will have to wait until the bricks that have sealed the entrance are removed.

The archaeological data gathered from this excavation will add more information about this building and help with any future plans for the restoration of the Powder House and grounds.  It is my hope that this site will be turned into a park to honor the memory of the citizens of Fairfield who lived and served during an often overlooked but important period in American history.


The Hartford Society of AIA will host the following lectures, at 8:00 PM in the Life Sciences Auditorium, Trinity College, Hartford.  All lectures are free and open to the public.  After 5 PM restrictions on on-campus parking including Summit St. do not apply

Tuesday, February 28, 2006 at 8:00 PM, Michael Roaf, Institut für Vorderasiatische Archäologie, University of Munich, Joukowsky Lecture, Shades of the Past: Umbrellas in the Ancient Near East

Monday, April 24, 2006 at 8:00 PM, Timothy McNiven, Ohio State University, Noble Lecture, Significant Others: The Construc-tion of Identity in Greek Art

Society Contact
James R. Bradley

The New Haven Society of AIA will sponsor the following lectures at the Old Art Gallery, Room 200, 56 High St.

Wednesday, March 1, 2006 at 4:30 PM, Michael Roaf, Institut für Vorderasiatische Archäologie, University of Munich, Joukowsky Lecture, The Lion King on the Black Stone: Deciphering Assyrian Pictographs

Tuesday, April 25, 2006 at 4:30 PM, Timothy McNiven, Ohio State University, Solow Lecture, Significant Others: The Construc-tion of Identity in Greek Art

Society Contact
Richard Grossmann

Connecticut Archaeology Center

Field Learning Workshops

A Connecticut Walk with the State Archaeologist Dr. Nick Bellantoni, Saturday, April 1, 2006, 10 am to 12 noon (Map will be mailed to participants.)
Advance registration required: $6 per member, $12 per nonmember

Dr. Bellantoni served as a consultant for the newest edition of The Connecticut Walk Book East by the Connecticut Forest and Park Association.  Take one of these walks with Dr. Bellantoni and learn from an archaeological perspective about the lives of those who lived there in the past.  Sign up early as space is limited!  Recommended for ages 5 and above. Children must be accompanied by an adult.

Family Activities

Soapstone Carving
Cheri Collins, Staff
Saturday, March 18, 2006, 10 am to 12 noon, (Map will be mailed to participants.)
Advance registration required: $15 per member, $20 per nonmember
(Includes materials fee)

Because of its unique geological characteristics, such as heat retention and ease in carving and polishing, soapstone is a mineral-based rock which has been used throughout the world to produce many different items from objects of art to woodstoves and sinks. Learn more about the striking versatility of this mineral.  Using both traditional and modern tools, you will make a carving of your own design to take home. Recommended for ages 10 and above.  Children must be accompanied by an adult.

Ancient Technologies Workshops

Hide Work
Cheri Collins, Staff
Saturday, February 11, 2006, 10 am to 12 noon, (Map will be mailed to participants.)
Advance registration required: $10 per member, $15 per nonmember (includes materials fee)

Ancient peoples throughout the world used animal hides for clothing and accessories.  In this workshop, you will learn how these hides were prepared and used to make clothing and other items. Make your own decorated deerskin bag or pouch to take home. Recommended for adults and children ages 10 and up.  Children must be accompanied by an adult.

Bark Storage Containers
Jim Dina, Educator and Adjunct Faculty, CCSU
Saturday, February 18, 2006, 10 am to 12 noon, (Map will be mailed to participants.)
Advance registration required: $15 per member, $25 per nonmember
(Includes materials fee)

Ancient peoples used bark containers for many purposes, from maple sugar storage and food trays to canoes. In this workshop, master craftsman and canoe maker Jim Dina will teach the techniques for creating your own container of birch bark to take home. Recommended for adults and children ages 10 and up.  Children must be accompanied by an adult.

Lecture Series

Land Ho! - A Nautical Archae-ologist's Search for Submerged Paleo-Landscapes and Inundated Settlements in Southern New England
David S. Robinson, M.A., R.P.A., Anthropology, UConn/ Public Archaeology Lab, Inc.
Sunday, February 12, 2006, 3 pm
Biological Sciences and Physics Building, Room 130
No registration needed - Free

The potential for, and promise of, submerged pre-contact period archaeological sites preserved underwater on North America's Continental Shelf has tantalized the imaginations of archaeologists for decades.  Recent questioning of long-accepted theories about the peopling of the Americas has led to an increased focus on the submerged environment as a possible source of answers.  The methodological challenge has always been that if pre-contact sites are preserved offshore, how and where does one find them?  Nautical archaeologist David S. Robinson presents the theoretical and practical approaches used to locate submerged paleo-landscapes and inundated settlements in the waters of southern New England and the promising interim results of these investigations.

Old Burial Grounds and Gravestone Basics
Ruth Shapleigh-Brown, Connec-ticut Gravestone Network
Sunday, March 19, 2006, 3 pm
Biological Sciences and Physics Building, Room 130
No registration needed – Free

Burial customs and grave markers are important and rich sources of information about the culture and spiritual beliefs of the societies associated with them.  In this fascinating and comprehensive talk, burial ground and gravestone expert Ruth Shapleigh-Brown will address such questions as:  Why do so many gravestones seem to be missing? What is a foot stone?  Who are some of the local colonial stone carvers and where did they come from?  Should you clean your ancestor’s grave marker?  What do the symbols carved into the gravestones mean?  Ms. Shapleigh-Brown will also offer some pointers about tracing your own genealogy.

Conferences and Meetings

Special Lecture and Meeting of the Friends of the Office of State Archaeology (FOSA)

The Discovery of Kennewick Man and Its Aftermath
Dr. James Chatters, Central Washington University
Saturday, January 28, 2006

See last page of this newsletter for details.

To register for a program or for more information, contact the Connecticut Archaeology Center at 860-486-4460 or E-mail to

860 868-0518

Primitive Bone Working
Saturday, February 4, 2006,    11:00am - 3:00pm
Primitive Technologist and lithics expert, Jeff Kalin (Cherokee), returns to guide participants in traditional bone working techniques. Students will learn to use stone tools to carve, drill, and polish pieces of bone into a harpoon, needle, awl, beads or animal fetish.
CT Educators may earn 0.4 CEUs.
Fee: $35, $30 members (includes materials) Limited seating, reservations advised

Artifact ID Day with Lucianne Lavin, Ph.D.,  Saturday, February 25, 2006, 1:00pm - 3:00pm
Ever wonder what that artifact you found was used for, how it was made, or its age? Dr. Lavin, IAIS Director of Research & Collections, invites members and visitors to bring in artifacts from their personal collection for identification and discussion.

To order publications on the following page or for more information about these and additional programs, contact IAIS at 860-868-0518 or www.

Western Connecticut's Field School in archaeology went out to Colorado in June to work with Dr. Mark Stiger and Mr. Erik Bjornstad and their students on a 10,400 year old Folsom occupation on top of Tenderfoot Mountain, Gunnison, Colorado.  We helped excavate areas adjacent to the oldest known North American structure (a house?).  We found extinct bison bone fragments, along with Folsom points and debitage this summer.  Southern Methodist University, under the direction of Dr. David Meltzer, was also conducting excavations on top of the mountain.

One of the highlights of the trip was a visit by Dr. Lewis Binford on the last day of our field school.  He gave us his interpretation of the activity areas; he cited his Eskimo ethnographic data as a way of explaining how the sites could all be
concurrent occupations by the same group of hunters.

The five students who ventured out to Colorado with Dr. Weinstein were Betsy Wacker, Kieran Farslow, Tara Tomas, Amanda Choun and Lindsey Goodwick.  The students also went on a two-day camping trip to Mesa Verde and toured the park, including Balcony House and Cliff Palace.

The whole trip was a huge success:  Weinstein hopes to bring students out to Colorado again next year.  For information about the trip and upcoming plans, go to

Laurie Weinstein, Ph.D.
Professor, Anthropology
Western Connecticut State University
Danbury, Ct.  06810
(203) 837-8453
(203) 837-8525


The following news items from various organizations are being shared with us courtesy of Dave Poirier, Staff Archaeologist, Historic Preservation and Museum Division, Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film, (also known as the Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office or “SHPO”).  Dave sends out e-mail updates regularly, and you can contact him at about being placed on his mailing list.

National Park Service
New Additions to Archeology Program webpages.
The Archeology Program has added more case studies to the Public Benefits of Archeology webpages  There are now more highlights for educators, ecologists, and community activists.  Through narrative scenarios, case studies, and suggested readings, people who might not ordinarily think of archeology as a resource can learn more about how archeological science can benefit them.
The "Online Exhibits" web page, at ( has also been updated.  This page guides the visitor to the extraordinary world of virtual exhibits within the NPS and beyond.  Contact: Barbara Little,

Yale Conference Announced

The Yale Group for the Study of Native America invites submissions for an upcoming conference:

Pathways 2006: Cultural Intersections in "Native North America" April 7-9, 2006, in New Haven, CT.
The goals of this conference are: to provide a comfortable forum for graduate students working at the intersection of American Indian or Alaska Native Studies and other Ethnic and Area Studies, such as African American Studies, Asian American Studies, and Latin American Studies, to share their work, and to foster student-to-student and student-to-professional relationships by encouraging networking and community-building for those working across traditional disciplinary boundaries.

Areas of study may include but are not limited to: History, Literature and Theatre Studies, Anthropology, Law and Policy, and the Arts.  Papers may present a portion of the student's original research, demonstrate emergent theoretical and methodological approaches, or advance pedagogical strategies for reaching students across departmental divides.

Individual paper proposals (rather than panels) are preferred.  We are especially desirous of papers that demonstrate and discuss emergent approaches in the study of Native North America, and/or those that demonstrate an active involvement with Native communities.  In order to foster a regionally diverse community of graduate student presenters, travel expenses will be paid for students whose papers are selected.

CVs and abstracts of no more than one page should be submitted by October 15, 2005 to: or
Pathways 2006
c/o Rosalinda Garcia
Yale College Dean's Office
P.O. Box 208241
New Haven, CT 06520-8241

For more information, please visit our website:

Connecticut Maritime Fellowship

The Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism's State Historic Preservation Office and the Connecticut Office of State Archaeology at the University of Connecticut (Storrs) have jointly established a Connecticut Maritime Fellowship.  The Maritime Fellowship will enhance the agencies’ on-going partnership and collaborative efforts regarding the identification, evaluation, and professional management of Connecticut's diverse maritime-related heritage, including submerged Native American sites and historic shipwrecks.  The Fellowship will facilitate and coordinate additional outreach to professional marine archaeologists, divers, town officials, and the interested public.  Equally important, the Maritime Fellowship will enable the development of a database of Connecticut's underwater cultural resources; the updating and organizing of the Connecticut Archaeology Center's extensive underwater archaeology library; and will assist in the administration and implementation of maritime-focused research activities and public programs.  The framework for developing a maritime stewardship program, which would encourage the interested public to monitor underwater archaeological sites for accidental and/or intentional disturbance and damage, is also under consideration.

Kristina Lammi was selected as the 2005 Connecticut Maritime Fellow.
Kristina is a graduate student in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut entering her fourth year of study.  Her research focus is the historical archaeology of New England and the Atlantic Maritime Provinces.  Kristina works out of the Office of the Connecticut State Archaeologist. She can be contacted at with any suggestions or comments regarding the state's underwater archaeology resources.

Museum News

The Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center will present the following archaeological programs this winter:

Saturday February 4, 2006,
Look for artifacts and learn how archaeologists uncover the past as you explore the Monhantic Fort that the Pequots occupied more than 300 years ago. Indoors you examine artifacts excavated from this historic site and even make some of your own to take home, while you study maps to see how people lived inside the fort. From 1 to 2:30 pm, limited to 12, 10 years and older, meet in the Gathering Space, $12, $6 for museum members, call 800-411-9671 to register.

Tuesday February 21, 2006,
Join Senior Researcher Jason Mancini in discussing current research on Native and African communities in eastern Connecticut and the methods of collecting and interpreting historical data. Little is known about the history of these minority groups locally because of the fragmented documentary information in official records, which demands that researchers dig deeper and be creative in their effort to reconstruct their past. From 1 to 3 pm in the Research Department, limited to 20, free with museum admission, free to museum members. Meet at admissions.

Tuesday and Thursday February 21 & 23, 2006, NEW AR-CHAEOLOGY DISCOVERIES
Examine the latest artifacts that document the history and pre-history of Mashantucket, the nation’s oldest continuously occupied Indian Reservation. Archaeologists discuss these new finds and their importance and also lead a guided tour of the laboratories where the artifacts are preserved and analyzed. From 1 to 2 pm each day in the research classroom, free with museum admission, free to museum members. Meet in the Gathering Space.

Wednesday & Friday February 22 & 24, 2006,
What the heck is that strange thing-a-ma-bob you found in the cellar closet or out in the old barn? Bring your mystery object to the Museum and see if we can name it. Museum archaeologists and curators often have to identify strange items and even determine their age and what they were used for. See if you can stump the experts, from 1 to 2 pm each day in the archaeology laboratory. Limited to 25, call 800-411-9671 to register, free with museum admission, free to museum members. Meet in the Gathering Space.

Websites of Interest

Interim Commission on Culture & Tourism website is up and running:

Note that the top and bottom navigation links (pertaining to CCT) are constant and appear in all pages.  Note also that the link for the 2005 Culture and Tourism Partnership Grants application and guidelines appears on the CCT homepage.

The interim site is a work in progress.  Not all divisional navigation links are functioning.

The African Diaspora Archaeology Network (ADAN) is now available online at:

The ADAN provides a web portal and a focal point for archaeological studies of African diasporas, with news, current research, information and links to other web resources related to the archaeology and history of the dispersed descendants of African peoples.  Through this engagement with African diasporas, the ADAN seeks to connect an intellectual community that considers the historical processes of racialization, gender, power, and culture operating within and upon African descendant communities.

Please send announcements, summaries or updates of ongoing research or excavations, short papers or essays, for the newsletter. Or even send us longer manuscripts if you'd like to see them disseminated broadly through this online medium.  We will begin posting and updating the newsletter on an ongoing basis.

Recent Publications:

Connecticut History, Vol. 43 No. 2 (Fall 2004)
Thematic issue:  Native Americans and the Law, including:

Yasuhide Kawashima - Uncas's Struggle for Survival: The Mohegans and Connecticut Law in the Seventeenth Century

Paulette Crone-Morange & Lucianne Lavin - The Schaghticoke Tribe and English Law: A Study of Community Survival

Anne Marie Plane - Liberator or Oppressor? Law, Colonialism, and New England's Indigenous Peoples

Recent publications transferred to OSA-UCONN:
Death by Theory (Praetzellis 2000)
Dug to Death (Praetzellis 2003)
Tribal Consultation:  Best Practices in Historic Preservation (Hutt & Lavallee 2005)

CRM Reports

The following table is a sample of Cultural Resource Management (CRM) activity in Connecticut. This is a list of CRM reports transferred from State Historic Preservation Office to the public archive at UConn.

Rep # Authors Year Subject
1339  Jones, Clouette & Harper  2004  Riverfront Park Development, Glastonbury
1340  Ford & Cherau 2004 Cruttenden Carriage Works, New Haven
1341  Raber & Gordon  2004 Bridgeport Wood Finishing Co., Preserve, New Milford
1342 Fortugno 2004 Waicek Farm Estates, Shelton
xxx Raber 2004 Hungerford Memorial Watering Facilities, Harwinton
xxx Kleinschmidt 2004 Housatonic River Hydroelectric Management Plan
xxx Clouette 2004 Route 7 Historic Properties, New Milford
xxx Raber 2004 Welles Street Steamboat Landing, Glastonbury
1343  George et al 2004 Starrs Ridge Road Housing, Redding
1344 George & Keegan 2004 Pine Meadow Senior Community, Windsor Locks
1345 George et al 2005 Gateway Zone Sewer, Tolland
1346 TAMS 2004 Merritt Parkway Interchange 34, Stamford
xxx Raber 2004 Canal Railroad Bridge, Farmington
1347 Historical Perspectives Inc 2005 I-95 Interchange 33, Stratford
1348 Cooney 2004 Caretaker's House septic Weir Farm, Wilton
1349 George et al. 2005 Starrs Ridge Road subdivision,  Redding
1350 Raber 2005 High Bridge Road Bridge, Litchfield
1351 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Cedar Glen Farm subdivision, Griswold
1352 George et al. 2005 Courtyard Apartments water line, Colchester
1353 Lavin & Banks 2005 North Hillside Road Extension, Mansfield
1354 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Boston Post road office complex, Guilford
1355 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Hammocks subdivision, Clinton
1356 George et al 2005 Carriage Crossing subdivision, Tolland
1357 Jones et al. 2004 Three Rivers Community College Consolidation, Norwich
1358 Jones & Forrest 2004 Norwich Tech High School, Norwich
1359 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Old Farms & Thompson Roads, Avon
xxx Bedford et al 2004 The Atom Goes to Sea:  SSN 571 Nautilus
xxx Stewart 2004 Combustion Engineering, Windsor
xxx Historical Perspectives   Niantic Railroad Bridge East Lyme& Waterford

CRM Reports Transferred to UConn's Dodd Center

Rep #
1360 Raber & Gordon 2005 Park Pond parcel North, Stonington
1361 Forrest et al 2005 Hebron Village Green Development, Hebron
1362 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Deer Lake Housing, Killingworth
1363 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Route 169 residential, Lisbon
1364 Subsurface Consulting 1999 Durham Cemetery GPR Survey, Durham
1365 Pappalardo et al 2005 Route 67 & Botsford Hill Road, Roxbury
1366 Morphew 2005 Logan Wood Subdivision, Sterling
1367 Morphew 2005 Applewood Estates, Woodbury
1368 Harper 2005 Joseph Webb House, Wethersfield
1369 Harper & Clouette 2005 Coomer Hill Road subdivision Killingly
1370 Jones et al 2005 Route 7/15 interchang,e Norwalk
1371 Raber & Wiegand 2005 Electric transmission line, Bethel, Redding & Wilton
1372 Morphew  2005 North Sterling Road residential development, Sterling
1373 Forrest & Jones 2004 Putnam Memorial State Park trail, Redding
1374 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Skyline Estates subdivision, East Hampton
1375 Butowsky  1990 National Historic Landmarks Geology Theme Study
1376 Chereau  2005 Seaview Avenue Corridor, Bridgeport
1377 Pomo et al  2004 Route 1 drainage modifications, Fairfield
1378 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Hartford Turnpike retail center, Killingly
1379 Lavin & Banks  2005 Hospital Rock Preserve, Farmington
1380 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Whispering Woods Estate Subdivision, East Hampton
1381 Hartgen  2005 IGTS Housatonic Ground bed, Milford
1382 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Fitch & King School, Groton
1383 Earth Tech/TAMS  2005 Shore Line East Railroad Station, Westbrook
1384 Clouette  2005 Route 7 & Candlewood Lake Road intersection, New Milford
1385 Morphew  2005 Signal Hill subdivision. North Stonington &Stonington
1386 Berger Lehman Assoc.  2005 I-84. Waterbury
1387 Raber  2005 Packerville Road Bridge. Plainfield
1388 Gould & Luhman  2005 Powder Forest Adult Community. Simsbury
1389 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Hollowell Brook Estates Subdivision. Preston
1390 Carini & Assoc.  2005 Tatnic Hill Subdivision. Brooklyn
1391 PAL  2004 Stone's Ranch Military Reservation. East Lyme. Old Lyme& Lyme
1392 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Wyndermere Residential Development, Windsor
1393 Bendremer  2001 Dolbeare Burying Ground, Montville
1394 Bendremer & Thomas  1999 Fort Hill Farm, Montville
1395 Raber  2005 South Maple St. Bridge, Enfield
1396 Labadia et al  2005 Holiday Inn/Staybridge Suites Hotel, Windsor Locks
1397 Earth Tech/TAMS  2005 Route 195 and I-84 Eastbound exit ramp, Tolland
1398 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Elementary school, Glastonbury
1399 Carini  2004 Mystic Streetscapes, Groton
1400 Fortugno & Litwinionek  2004 Mountain Road, Redding
1401 Schneiderman-Fox  2005 Mountain Estates, Redding
1402 Walwer & Walwer  2005 Country Club Hills subdivision, Waterbury
XXX Clouette  2005 Glens Falls Worsted Mill documentation, Plainfield
XXX HHM  2004 Naval Reserve Force Center, Plainville
XXX PAL  2004 Stone's Ranch historic structures evaluation East Lyme, Old Lyme & Lyme
XXX Neilson  2005 Marine Railway, Milford
1403 Louis Berger Group 2005 Dept. of Veterans’ Affairs study area Rocky Hill
1404 TAMS/Earth Tech 2005 I-95 Monitoring Bridgeport
1405 Carin i 2005 Thames Basin Regional Water Interconnection Montville
1406 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Stone Bridge Estates subdivision Killingly
1407 Fortugno 2004 Diamond Hill Road residential Redding
1408 Dickinson et al. 2005 Diamond Hill Road Lot B residential Redding
1409 TAMS/Earthtech 2005 Route 169 & Route 205 realignment Brooklyn
1410 TAMS/Earthtech 2005 West Rock Paper Mill New Haven
1411 Walwer & Walwer 2005 Grove Hill subdivision East Haven
1412 Raber 2005 CL&P substation alternatives Wilton
1413 Raber & Thompson 2005 Post Office & Town Farm Roads Enfield
1414 Scharoun & Bartone 2005 Stamm Road cell tower Newington
1415 Von Jena & Wiegand 2005 Costa Lanere subdivision Redding
1416 McNeil 2005 Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation ceramic analysis North Stonington (M.A. thesis)
1417 Cipolla 2005 Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation lifeways North Stonington(M.A. thesis)
1418 Morphew 2005 Signal Hill Subdivision Stonington and NorthStonington
XXX  Clouette 2005 Masonic Temple Documentation Norwich


Connecticut Yankee Update

By Lucianne Lavin, Ph.D.
American Cultural Specialists, LLC

American Cultural Specialists, LLC has completed over three years of archaeological investigations of the 520 plus acres of woodland surrounding the CT Yankee Atomic Power Company in Haddam, CT.  Located on Haddam Neck on the east side of the CT River and bounded on the south by Salmon River, the property is mainly wood uplands with little historic disturbances.  CT Yankee intends to donate the property to either a private group or DEP for preservation.

AMCS’ crew  excavated a total of 2,774 50-cm square shovel test units and 58.5 one-meter or larger units during Phase 1 professional archaeological reconnaissance and Phase 2 intensive archaeological surveys, totaling 722 square meters of excavation.  During the Phase 1 surveys, twenty-four archaeology sites were located.  We believe that 22 of them may be eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.  These sites are:

1. Dibble Creek 1 (#61-124)
2. Dibble Creek 2 (#61-125)
3. Dudley/Ackley Site (#61-99)
4. Ackley Ridge Site (#61-122)
5. The Wharf Site (#61-123)
6. Grinding Stone Site (#61-114)
7. Borrow Pit North Site (#61-100)
8. Redware Site (#61-121)
9. Spring Rockshelter Site (#61-117)
10. Brainerd Site (#61-96)
11. Rock House Site (#61-118)
12. Salmon River Dock Site (#61-119)
13. Wood Road Site (#61-102)
14. Upper 91 Site (#61-103)
15. Stone Wall Site (#61-104)
16. Cove Road Rockshelter (#61-105)
17. Hidden Site (#61-113)
18. High Terrace Site (#61-120)
19. Schmitt Field Prehistoric Loci (#61-127)
20. Peninsula 1 Site (#61-115)
21. Peninsula 2 Site (#61-116)
22. Smith/Dudley/Andrews Site (#61-101)
23. Schmitt House Site (#61-126)
24. Brainerd Quarry

The prehistoric sites contain over 37,000 artifacts and represent a minimum of 4 Late Archaic Laurentian Tradition components; 7 Late Archaic-early Woodland Narrow Point Tradition components; 3 Terminal Archaic Normanskill components; 3 Terminal Archaic Broad Blade components; 4 Terminal Archaic Orient components; 6 Early/early Middle Woodland components; 3 late Middle Woodland-early Late Woodland components; and 2 Late Woodland components.

Surprisingly, relatively little Late Woodland and Final Woodland cultural remains were recovered from these sites.  The fairly substantial Woodland materials were much more representative of the earlier Woodland periods, particularly the pre-Windsor Early/early Middle Woodland periods represented by interior cordmarked pottery and dentate-stamped pottery.  Although late Middle Woodland/early Late Woodland Windsor ware in the form of brushed pottery is present at several sites, it is a distinct minority ware.  It should also be noted that Narrow stemmed and notched points of the Narrow Point tradition were ubiquitous, and they represented the Terminal Archaic and earlier Woodland indigenous peoples as well as those of the Late Archaic.  As noted in a previous Newsletter, they were even associated with the broad-bladed biface cache from Dibble Creek 1 site.  Several radiocarbon dates were retrieved; like the artifacts, they also pointed to a long-term population of Late Archaic, Terminal Archaic, Early Woodland and early Middle Woodland.

Additional archaeological investigations are scheduled for several of these sites during the 2006 field season; specifically, those sites where only a phase 1 survey was completed need to go to Phase 2.  When those excavations are completed, the CT Yankee sites should allow us to reconstruct the annual prehistoric seasonal activities and economic system for several specific periods of time on Haddam Neck.  They should expand our knowledge of the prehistory within the project area and in the lower Connecticut Valley, particularly the config-uration(s) of the local subsis-tence/settlement system.

Several of the sites contain significant historic components.  The majority represent 18th and early 19th century farmsteads.  These Haddam Neck farm sites are case studies of regional farming, helping us to understand why some farms succeeded while many 19th century farms failed in the transition from subsistence to commercial farming.  A study of 19th-century farmsteads can help us to better understand America's transformation from subsistence farming to commercial farming and from a folk to modern society.

Besides providing a window into rural American life during those time periods, such sites also provide insight into the immense cultural changes that occurred during the 19th century.  Massive changes occurred in our economic, technological and social systems that instigated industrialization, urbanization and modernization and affected consumer behavior, gender definition, domestic reform, ethnic and race relations, class conflicts, workers’ responses to the  factory system, social networking, and cultural persistence.  Several of the sites were associated with early industry and trade such as the Brainerd Quarry site; the Hezekiah Brainerd house and wharf, associated with the quarry and shipping industry; the Peninsula houses and wharf, which may be associated with early shipbuilding by the Smith brothers, local ship captains; and the Venture Smith site, home of the world-renowned West African prince and captive who worked his way out of slavery to become a successful river trader and farmer.

Three other sites were associated with former captive African-Americans and also have the potential to provide important information on the lives of individual colonial and early federalist period black families and their interactions with the dominant white society - the Redware site, the Rock House site, and the Salmon River Dock.  Historic site occupants also represent various social classes in colonial and federalist society.  Virtually all of the sites were connected by an ancient colonial road that still remains virtually unimproved.  In effect, we believe that virtually all of the Connecticut Yankee property may meet the federal and state criteria  for eligibility as an “historic rural landscape district” composed of a variety of land uses that incorporates several types of landscapes – agriculture, industry (mining, lumbering), and maritime activities (fishing, shipbuilding, coastal trade).

A report of our findings is on file at the Office of State Archaeology.  These and other reports are available to anthropology students and researchers


To help members plan their calendars, we post the dates of meetings of interest in Connecticut and neighboring states.  Please contact the editor with any meetings you are aware of which you feel would be of interest to the membership.

January 28, 2006, Friends of the Office of State Archaeology (FOSA) Annual Meeting, Glastonbury, CT
February 18, 2006, 18th Annual Conference on New England Industrial Archaeology, sponsored by the Society for Industrial Archaeology, Plymouth, NH
March 23-26, 2006, Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference (MAAC), Virginia Beach, VA
April 22, 2006, ASC Spring Meeting,
April 26-30, 2006, Society for American Archaeology (SAA) 71st Annual Meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico
April 28-30, 2006, New York State Archaeological Association 90th Annual Meeting, Kerhonkson, NY
May 5-7, 2006, Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology 77th Annual Meeting, Washington, PA
June 1-4, 2006, Society for Industrial Archaeology (SIA) 35th Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO


Smith Middle School Auditorium
216 Addison Road, Glastonbury, Connecticut

2:00 SPEAKER: DR. JAMES CHATTERS, archaeologist and paleoecologist who has dedicated his life to understanding the human and environmental prehistory of North America.  Dr. Chatters was also the first scientist on the scene following the discovery of Kennewick Man by two college students.

“The Discovery of Kennewick Man and its Aftermath”

Dr. Chatters’ presentation will cover the discovery in 1996 of Kennewick Man in the Southeastern region of Washington State.  Kennewick Man – estimated to have lived 9,400 years ago – is one of the oldest and most important human skeletons ever unearthed in North America.  The discovery of the remains, along with other recent finds, may significantly alter conventional views of how, when and by whom the Americas were peopled. In his book, Ancient Encounters: Kennewick Man and the First Americans, Dr. Chatters talks about the discovery of Kennewick Man and the decade-long effort to gain access to the remains for scientific study. Dr. Chatters will sign copies of his book (available for purchase).
            Skull of
      Kennewick Man

   The face of Kennewick Man as reconstructed
    by Jim Chatters and Thomas McClelland

The public is invited to attend this event, co-sponsored by FOSA and the Connecticut Museum of Natural History and Connecticut Archaeology Center.  Current, paid-up members of either organization will be admitted without fee. A $10.00 donation is requested from all other attendees; students are requested to donate $5.00. For further information, please call (860) 486-4460.

BAD WEATHER ARRANGEMENTS: If weather requires cancellation, FOSA will post notices on WTIC (AM 1080) and on Channel 3 by 10 AM.    RAIN/SNOW DATE: SUNDAY, JANUARY 29, 2006.


From 91 South & 91 North:
 1.  Take exit 25 (Putnam Bridge Glastonbury Rte 3) follow to Route 2 East/Norwich
    2.  Take Exit 8 off Route 2 and at end of ramp turn left onto Hebron Avenue.
 3.  On Hebron Avenue make left at 4th traffic light onto Eastern Blvd and follow (.8 miles) to end.
4. Smith Middle School will be directly in front on you – Park in Visitor Parking Lot on the left.

From 84 East or 84 West:
1. Take Route 2 East off of 84
2. Take Exit 8 off of Route 2 and follow steps 2 – 4 in directions above.

From Route 2 West:
 1. Take Exit 8 and turn right at end of ramp.
 2.  At the light, take right turn unto Hebron Avenue
 3. Go about .25 miles and turn left at 2nd light onto Eastern Blvd. And follow steps 3&4 in directions above.


Bulletin #47 (1984) ASC’s 50th anniversary issue was a very popular summary of the state of archaeological research in each period of prehistory and history.  It has long been out of print, but Treasurer Don Malcarne is pleased to announce that photocopies of the 162 page bulletin are now available for $15.00.  Contact Don to purchase a copy or other back issues.


Thanks to Roger Moeller for keeping our site up to date at and


Dan Cruson - President
174 Hanover Road
Newtown, CT  06470
Home Phone 203-426-6021
Elizabeth Hoag – Vice President
20 Applebee Road
Stamford, CT  06905
Home Phone 203-274-5168
Dawn Brown - Secretary
1714 Capitol Ave.
Bridgeport, CT 06604
Home Phone 203-335-8745
Don Malcarne - Treasurer & Membership
10 South Cove Lane
Essex, CT  06426
Phone 860-767-1191
Lucianne Lavin - Bulletin Editor
108 New Street
Seymour, CT  06483
Home Phone 203-888-8897
Ernie Wiegand II - E.S.A.F. Representative
152 Silver Spring Road
Wilton, CT  06897
Home Phone 203-762-1972
Work Phone 203-857-7377
Nick Bellantoni - State Archaeologist
Office of State Archaeology 
3107 Horsebarn Hill Road, U-214 University of Connecticut
Storrs, CT 06269-4214
Home Phone 860-666-9648
Work Phone 860-486-5248
Harold Juli - Director at Large
Connecticut College
Department of Anthropology
270 Mohegan Ave.
New London, CT 06320-4196
Work Phone 860-439-2228
Lee West – Newsletter Editor
366 Main Street
Wethersfield, CT  06109
Home Phone 860-721-1185
Rob Wallace – Director at Large
101 B Warren Ave. 
Fairfield, CT 06824
Home Phone 203-335-2816

Note:  ASC News is published three times a year, in September, January and March.  Please address inquiries and contributions to future issues to ASC News, Lee West - Editor, 366 Main St., Wethersfield, CT  06109  E-Mail:

Permission is hereby granted to reproduce any portion of this newsletter as long as proper credit is given to ASC News.



It’s time to renew your membership for 2005.  Check your mailing label if you are unsure if you are current. (The label may not reflect payments received in the last month)  If it reads 04 or earlier, please fill out the form and mail it back with your check.  Thanks!

I want to apply/renew membership in the Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Inc. (ASC) to promote archaeological research, conservation and service.  Enclosed are my dues for the membership category: (circle one)

     Individual                $25.00
     Institutional             $40.00
     Life                      $400.00

Name:  ________________________________________
Address:  ______________________________________
Phone:  (___) ___________________________
E-Mail:  _________________________________

Send to Don Malcarne, ASC Treasurer, 10 South Cove Lane, Essex, CT  06426-1422